pub trait StructuralEq { }
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (structural_match #31434)
Expand description

Required trait for constants used in pattern matches.

Any type that derives Eq automatically implements this trait, regardless of whether its type parameters implement Eq.

This is a hack to work around a limitation in our type system.


We want to require that types of consts used in pattern matches have the attribute #[derive(PartialEq, Eq)].

In a more ideal world, we could check that requirement by just checking that the given type implements both the StructuralPartialEq trait and the Eq trait. However, you can have ADTs that do derive(PartialEq, Eq), and be a case that we want the compiler to accept, and yet the constant’s type fails to implement Eq.

Namely, a case like this:

#[derive(PartialEq, Eq)]
struct Wrap<X>(X);

fn higher_order(_: &()) { }

const CFN: Wrap<fn(&())> = Wrap(higher_order);

fn main() {
    match CFN {
        CFN => {}
        _ => {}

(The problem in the above code is that Wrap<fn(&())> does not implement PartialEq, nor Eq, because for<'a> fn(&'a _) does not implement those traits.)

Therefore, we cannot rely on naive check for StructuralPartialEq and mere Eq.

As a hack to work around this, we use two separate traits injected by each of the two derives (#[derive(PartialEq)] and #[derive(Eq)]) and check that both of them are present as part of structural-match checking.