Trait core::cmp::Eq

1.0.0 · source · []
pub trait Eq: PartialEq<Self> { }
Expand description

Trait for equality comparisons which are equivalence relations.

This means, that in addition to a == b and a != b being strict inverses, the equality must be (for all a, b and c):

  • reflexive: a == a;
  • symmetric: a == b implies b == a; and
  • transitive: a == b and b == c implies a == c.

This property cannot be checked by the compiler, and therefore Eq implies PartialEq, and has no extra methods.


This trait can be used with #[derive]. When derived, because Eq has no extra methods, it is only informing the compiler that this is an equivalence relation rather than a partial equivalence relation. Note that the derive strategy requires all fields are Eq, which isn’t always desired.

How can I implement Eq?

If you cannot use the derive strategy, specify that your type implements Eq, which has no methods:

enum BookFormat { Paperback, Hardback, Ebook }
struct Book {
    isbn: i32,
    format: BookFormat,
impl PartialEq for Book {
    fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
        self.isbn == other.isbn
impl Eq for Book {}


This trait is implemented for tuples up to twelve items long.