glibmm  2.50.0
Functions
Miscellaneous Utility Functions

Miscellaneous Utility Functions – a selection of portable utility functions. More...

Functions

Glib::ustring Glib::get_application_name ()
 Gets a human-readable name for the application, as set by Glib::set_application_name(). More...
 
void Glib::set_application_name (const Glib::ustring& application_name)
 Sets a human-readable name for the application. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_prgname ()
 Gets the name of the program. More...
 
void Glib::set_prgname (const std::string& prgname)
 Sets the name of the program. More...
 
std::string Glib::getenv (const std::string& variable, bool& found)
 Returns the value of an environment variable. More...
 
std::string Glib::getenv (const std::string& variable)
 Returns the value of an environment variable. More...
 
bool Glib::setenv (const std::string& variable, const std::string& value, bool overwrite=true)
 Sets an environment variable. More...
 
void Glib::unsetenv (const std::string& variable)
 Removes an environment variable from the environment. More...
 
Glib::ArrayHandle< std::stringGlib::listenv ()
 Gets the names of all variables set in the environment. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_user_name ()
 Gets the user name of the current user. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_real_name ()
 Gets the real name of the user. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_home_dir ()
 Gets the current user's home directory. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_tmp_dir ()
 Gets the directory to use for temporary files. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_current_dir ()
 Gets the current directory. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_user_special_dir (GUserDirectory directory)
 Returns the full path of a special directory using its logical id. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_user_special_dir (UserDirectory directory)
 Returns the full path of a special directory using its logical id. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_user_data_dir ()
 Returns a base directory in which to access application data such as icons that is customized for a particular user. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_user_config_dir ()
 Returns a base directory in which to store user-specific application configuration information such as user preferences and settings. More...
 
std::vector< std::stringGlib::get_system_data_dirs ()
 Returns an ordered list of base directories in which to access system-wide application data. More...
 
std::vector< std::stringGlib::get_system_config_dirs ()
 Returns an ordered list of base directories in which to access system-wide configuration information. More...
 
std::string Glib::get_user_cache_dir ()
 Returns a base directory in which to store non-essential, cached data specific to particular user. More...
 
bool Glib::path_is_absolute (const std::string& filename)
 Returns true if the given filename is an absolute file name, i.e. it contains a full path from the root directory such as "/usr/local" on UNIX or "C:\\windows" on Windows systems. More...
 
std::string Glib::path_skip_root (const std::string& filename)
 Returns the remaining part of filename after the root component, i.e. after the "/" on UNIX or "C:\\" on Windows. More...
 
std::string Glib::path_get_basename (const std::string& filename)
 Gets the name of the file without any leading directory components. More...
 
std::string Glib::path_get_dirname (const std::string& filename)
 Gets the directory components of a file name. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const Glib::ArrayHandle< std::string >& elements)
 Creates a filename from a series of elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2)
 Creates a filename from two elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2, const std::string& elem3)
 Creates a filename from three elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2, const std::string& elem3, const std::string& elem4)
 Creates a filename from four elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2, const std::string& elem3, const std::string& elem4, const std::string& elem5)
 Creates a filename from five elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2, const std::string& elem3, const std::string& elem4, const std::string& elem5, const std::string& elem6)
 Creates a filename from six elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2, const std::string& elem3, const std::string& elem4, const std::string& elem5, const std::string& elem6, const std::string& elem7)
 Creates a filename from seven elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2, const std::string& elem3, const std::string& elem4, const std::string& elem5, const std::string& elem6, const std::string& elem7, const std::string& elem8)
 Creates a filename from eight elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_filename (const std::string& elem1, const std::string& elem2, const std::string& elem3, const std::string& elem4, const std::string& elem5, const std::string& elem6, const std::string& elem7, const std::string& elem8, const std::string& elem9)
 Creates a filename from nine elements using the correct separator for filenames. More...
 
std::string Glib::build_path (const std::string& separator, const Glib::ArrayHandle< std::string >& elements)
 Creates a path from a series of elements using separator as the separator between elements. More...
 
std::string Glib::find_program_in_path (const std::string& program)
 Locates the first executable named program in the user's path, in the same way that execvp() would locate it. More...
 
Glib::ustring Glib::format_size (guint64 size, FormatSizeFlags flags=FORMAT_SIZE_DEFAULT)
 Formats a size (for example the size of a file) into a human readable string. More...
 

Detailed Description

Miscellaneous Utility Functions – a selection of portable utility functions.

Function Documentation

std::string Glib::build_filename ( const Glib::ArrayHandle< std::string >&  elements)

Creates a filename from a series of elements using the correct separator for filenames.

This function behaves identically to Glib::build_path(G_DIR_SEPARATOR_S, elements). No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elementsA container holding the elements of the path to build. Any STL compatible container type is accepted.
Returns
The resulting path.
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2 
)

Creates a filename from two elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2,
const std::string elem3 
)

Creates a filename from three elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
elem3Third path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
Since glibmm 2.28:
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2,
const std::string elem3,
const std::string elem4 
)

Creates a filename from four elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
elem3Third path element.
elem4Fourth path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
Since glibmm 2.28:
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2,
const std::string elem3,
const std::string elem4,
const std::string elem5 
)

Creates a filename from five elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
elem3Third path element.
elem4Fourth path element.
elem5Fifth path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2,
const std::string elem3,
const std::string elem4,
const std::string elem5,
const std::string elem6 
)

Creates a filename from six elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
elem3Third path element.
elem4Fourth path element.
elem5Fifth path element.
elem6Sixth path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
Since glibmm 2.28:
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2,
const std::string elem3,
const std::string elem4,
const std::string elem5,
const std::string elem6,
const std::string elem7 
)

Creates a filename from seven elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
elem3Third path element.
elem4Fourth path element.
elem5Fifth path element.
elem6Sixth path element.
elem7Seventh path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
Since glibmm 2.28:
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2,
const std::string elem3,
const std::string elem4,
const std::string elem5,
const std::string elem6,
const std::string elem7,
const std::string elem8 
)

Creates a filename from eight elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
elem3Third path element.
elem4Fourth path element.
elem5Fifth path element.
elem6Sixth path element.
elem7Seventh path element.
elem8Eighth path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
Since glibmm 2.28:
std::string Glib::build_filename ( const std::string elem1,
const std::string elem2,
const std::string elem3,
const std::string elem4,
const std::string elem5,
const std::string elem6,
const std::string elem7,
const std::string elem8,
const std::string elem9 
)

Creates a filename from nine elements using the correct separator for filenames.

No attempt is made to force the resulting filename to be an absolute path. If the first element is a relative path, the result will be a relative path.

Parameters
elem1First path element.
elem2Second path element.
elem3Third path element.
elem4Fourth path element.
elem5Fifth path element.
elem6Sixth path element.
elem7Seventh path element.
elem8Eighth path element.
elem9Ninth path element.
Returns
The resulting path.
Since glibmm 2.28:
std::string Glib::build_path ( const std::string separator,
const Glib::ArrayHandle< std::string >&  elements 
)

Creates a path from a series of elements using separator as the separator between elements.

At the boundary between two elements, any trailing occurrences of separator in the first element, or leading occurrences of separator in the second element are removed and exactly one copy of the separator is inserted.

Empty elements are ignored.

The number of leading copies of the separator on the result is the same as the number of leading copies of the separator on the first non-empty element.

The number of trailing copies of the separator on the result is the same as the number of trailing copies of the separator on the last non-empty element. (Determination of the number of trailing copies is done without stripping leading copies, so if the separator is "ABA", "ABABA" has 1 trailing copy.)

However, if there is only a single non-empty element, and there are no characters in that element not part of the leading or trailing separators, then the result is exactly the original value of that element.

Other than for determination of the number of leading and trailing copies of the separator, elements consisting only of copies of the separator are ignored.

Parameters
separatorA string used to separate the elements of the path.
elementsA container holding the elements of the path to build. Any STL compatible container type is accepted.
Returns
The resulting path.
std::string Glib::find_program_in_path ( const std::string program)

Locates the first executable named program in the user's path, in the same way that execvp() would locate it.

Returns a string with the absolute path name, or "" if the program is not found in the path. If program is already an absolute path, returns a copy of program if program exists and is executable, and "" otherwise.

On Windows, if program does not have a file type suffix, tries to append the suffixes in the PATHEXT environment variable (if that doesn't exist, the suffixes .com, .exe, and .bat) in turn, and then look for the resulting file name in the same way as CreateProcess() would. This means first in the directory where the program was loaded from, then in the current directory, then in the Windows 32-bit system directory, then in the Windows directory, and finally in the directories in the PATH environment variable. If the program is found, the return value contains the full name including the type suffix.

Parameters
programA program name.
Returns
An absolute path, or "".
Glib::ustring Glib::format_size ( guint64  size,
FormatSizeFlags  flags = FORMAT_SIZE_DEFAULT 
)

Formats a size (for example the size of a file) into a human readable string.

Sizes are rounded to the nearest size prefix (kB, MB, GB) and are displayed rounded to the nearest tenth. E.g. the file size 3292528 bytes will be converted into the string "3.2 MB".

The prefix units base is 1000 (i.e. 1 kB is 1000 bytes), unless the Glib::FORMAT_SIZE_IEC_UNITS flag is set.

Parameters
sizeA size in bytes.
flagsFlags to modify the output.
Returns
A formatted string containing a human readable file size.
Since glibmm 2.46:
Glib::ustring Glib::get_application_name ( )

Gets a human-readable name for the application, as set by Glib::set_application_name().

This name should be localized if possible, and is intended for display to the user. Contrast with Glib::get_prgname(), which gets a non-localized name. If Glib::set_application_name() has not been called, returns the result of Glib::get_prgname() (which may be empty if Glib::set_prgname() has also not been called).

Returns
Human-readable application name. May return "".
std::string Glib::get_current_dir ( )

Gets the current directory.

Returns
The current directory.
std::string Glib::get_home_dir ( )

Gets the current user's home directory.

Returns
The current user's home directory or an empty string if not defined.
std::string Glib::get_prgname ( )

Gets the name of the program.

If you are using GDK or GTK+ the program name is set in gdk_init(), which is called by gtk_init(). The program name is found by taking the last component of argv[0].

Returns
The name of the program.
std::string Glib::get_real_name ( )

Gets the real name of the user.

This usually comes from the user's entry in the passwd file.

Returns
The user's real name.
std::vector<std::string> Glib::get_system_config_dirs ( )

Returns an ordered list of base directories in which to access system-wide configuration information.

On Unix platforms this is determined using the mechanisms described in the XDG Base Directory Specification.

Since glibmm 2.18:
std::vector<std::string> Glib::get_system_data_dirs ( )

Returns an ordered list of base directories in which to access system-wide application data.

On Unix platforms this is determined using the mechanisms described in the XDG Base Directory Specification.

Since glibmm 2.18:
std::string Glib::get_tmp_dir ( )

Gets the directory to use for temporary files.

This is found from inspecting the environment variables TMPDIR, TMP, and TEMP in that order. If none of those are defined "/tmp" is returned on UNIX and "C:\\" on Windows.

Returns
The directory to use for temporary files.
std::string Glib::get_user_cache_dir ( )

Returns a base directory in which to store non-essential, cached data specific to particular user.

On UNIX platforms this is determined using the mechanisms described in the XDG Base Directory Specification

Since glibmm 2.14:
std::string Glib::get_user_config_dir ( )

Returns a base directory in which to store user-specific application configuration information such as user preferences and settings.

On UNIX platforms this is determined using the mechanisms described in the XDG Base Directory Specification

Since glibmm 2.14:
std::string Glib::get_user_data_dir ( )

Returns a base directory in which to access application data such as icons that is customized for a particular user.

On UNIX platforms this is determined using the mechanisms described in the XDG Base Directory Specification

Since glibmm 2.14:
std::string Glib::get_user_name ( )

Gets the user name of the current user.

Returns
The name of the current user.
std::string Glib::get_user_special_dir ( GUserDirectory  directory)

Returns the full path of a special directory using its logical id.

On Unix this is done using the XDG special user directories. For compatibility with existing practise, G_USER_DIRECTORY_DESKTOP falls back to $HOME/Desktop when XDG special user directories have not been set up.

Depending on the platform, the user might be able to change the path of the special directory without requiring the session to restart; GLib will not reflect any change once the special directories are loaded.

Parameters
directoryThe logical id of special directory.
Returns
The path to the specified special directory, or an empty string if the logical id was not found.
Since glibmm 2.14:
Deprecated:
Use get_user_special_dir(Glib::UserDirectory directory) instead.
std::string Glib::get_user_special_dir ( UserDirectory  directory)

Returns the full path of a special directory using its logical id.

On Unix this is done using the XDG special user directories. For compatibility with existing practise, Glib::USER_DIRECTORY_DESKTOP falls back to $HOME/Desktop when XDG special user directories have not been set up.

Depending on the platform, the user might be able to change the path of the special directory without requiring the session to restart; GLib will not reflect any change once the special directories are loaded.

Parameters
directoryThe logical id of special directory.
Returns
The path to the specified special directory, or an empty string if the logical id was not found.
Since glibmm 2.46:
std::string Glib::getenv ( const std::string variable,
bool &  found 
)

Returns the value of an environment variable.

The name and value are in the GLib file name encoding. On Unix, this means the actual bytes which might or might not be in some consistent character set and encoding. On Windows, it is in UTF-8. On Windows, in case the environment variable's value contains references to other environment variables, they are expanded.

Parameters
variableThe environment variable to get.
[out]foundWhether the environment variable has been found.
Returns
The value of the environment variable, or "" if not found.
std::string Glib::getenv ( const std::string variable)

Returns the value of an environment variable.

The name and value are in the GLib file name encoding. On Unix, this means the actual bytes which might or might not be in some consistent character set and encoding. On Windows, it is in UTF-8. On Windows, in case the environment variable's value contains references to other environment variables, they are expanded.

Parameters
variableThe environment variable to get.
Returns
The value of the environment variable, or "" if not found.
Glib::ArrayHandle<std::string> Glib::listenv ( )

Gets the names of all variables set in the environment.

Programs that want to be portable to Windows should typically use this function and getenv() instead of using the environ array from the C library directly. On Windows, the strings in the environ array are in system codepage encoding, while in most of the typical use cases for environment variables in GLib-using programs you want the UTF-8 encoding that this function and getenv() provide.

Returns
Array of environment names (The generic ArrayHandle will be implicitly converted to any STL compatible container type).
std::string Glib::path_get_basename ( const std::string filename)

Gets the name of the file without any leading directory components.

Parameters
filenameThe name of the file.
Returns
The name of the file without any leading directory components.
std::string Glib::path_get_dirname ( const std::string filename)

Gets the directory components of a file name.

If the file name has no directory components "." is returned.

Parameters
filenameThe name of the file.
Returns
The directory components of the file.
bool Glib::path_is_absolute ( const std::string filename)

Returns true if the given filename is an absolute file name, i.e. it contains a full path from the root directory such as "/usr/local" on UNIX or "C:\\windows" on Windows systems.

Parameters
filenameA file name.
Returns
Whether filename is an absolute path.
std::string Glib::path_skip_root ( const std::string filename)

Returns the remaining part of filename after the root component, i.e. after the "/" on UNIX or "C:\\" on Windows.

If filename is not an absolute path, "" will be returned.

Parameters
filenameA file name.
Returns
The file name without the root component, or "".
void Glib::set_application_name ( const Glib::ustring application_name)

Sets a human-readable name for the application.

This name should be localized if possible, and is intended for display to the user. Contrast with Glib::set_prgname(), which sets a non-localized name. Glib::set_prgname() will be called automatically by gtk_init(), but Glib::set_application_name() will not.

Note that for thread safety reasons, this function can only be called once.

The application name will be used in contexts such as error messages, or when displaying an application's name in the task list.

Parameters
application_nameLocalized name of the application.
void Glib::set_prgname ( const std::string prgname)

Sets the name of the program.

Parameters
prgnameThe name of the program.
bool Glib::setenv ( const std::string variable,
const std::string value,
bool  overwrite = true 
)

Sets an environment variable.

Both the variable's name and value should be in the GLib file name encoding. On Unix, this means that they can be any sequence of bytes. On Windows, they should be in UTF-8.

Note that on some systems, when variables are overwritten, the memory used for the previous variables and its value isn't reclaimed.

Parameters
variableThe environment variable to set. It must not contain '='.
valueThe value to which the variable should be set.
overwriteWhether to change the variable if it already exists.
Returns
false if the environment variable couldn't be set.
void Glib::unsetenv ( const std::string variable)

Removes an environment variable from the environment.

Note that on some systems, when variables are overwritten, the memory used for the previous variables and its value isn't reclaimed. Furthermore, this function can't be guaranteed to operate in a threadsafe way.

Parameters
variablethe environment variable to remove. It must not contain '='.